Moss is a plant that can develop in conditions that other plants, such as grass, can’t survive. It is not a very competitive or aggressive plant. Nature appears to use it more as a filler, for bare or thin soils.
So, to answer the question “Why is there moss in my lawn?” the correct and straightforward response is "because you have conditions that are making it difficult for your lawn to live.” Below is more information on dealing with moss in your yard.
Myth About Moss
Ask a tree specialist what can be done about moss, and he or she will let you know that the soil is low in pH and must be sweetened with some calcium (lime).
This is so not true! Moss flourishes in any soil type, including alkaline, acidic, even on a rock. The only way that lime at times aids lawns in squeezing out moss is when the soil is too acidic for the grass to thrive accurately and is thinning out.
With lime, in this case, it would elevate the pH level and enhance the health of the grass. So, the exact reason for the moss here is the bad health of the grass.
Moss Causing Conditions
Here are the real reasons for moss on lawns:
To conclude, in dealing with moss in your yard, look for the situations that may be contributing or causing it. Change what you want, and if you can’t alter the situation, take pride in the fact that this green is covering what could be naked soil.
Are you worried that ball moss is taking over your trees? Do you have a massive amount of dead branches? No worries. Ball moss is a non-parasitic plant that survives on other plants without damaging them.
So, what about all those dead limbs on your tree? There’s a reason for that. But first, a little info on ball moss. Ball moss is an epiphyte that develops in the air. It doesn’t take anything from any tree. The tree offers ball moss a place to hang out.
Ball Moss and Dead Branches
Back to the dead branches. If you are certain ball moss is destroying your tree, you have lots of company. If you carefully examine your tree, you’ll see that a significant amount of dead branches are located mostly on the tree’s interior.
The branches on a tree’s interior thrive in the shade and typically don’t get enough sun to make enough food to live. Once a limb gets too unhealthy, the tree stops any more support of that limb and lets that branch die.
This is a sort of self-pruning for the tree. Limbs the tree has marked for death are suitably referred to as sink. Ball moss grows in dim light and usually attach itself to the branches that get the lowest amount of sunlight.
Ball Moss on an Oak Tree
Let’s say you have an oak tree. What if you don’t like the way the ball moss makes your oak tree look even if it is harmless? There are a few ways to remove ball moss.
One technique that is quite a labor intensive is to take it off by hand from the live limbs being cautious not to eliminate too many leaves in the process. If this seems a bit much for you, you can always schedule the job with a York tree service company.
Also, removing the dead wood from the tree will get a pretty good amount of the ball moss out and enhance the look of the tree. Moreover, cautious tree pruning can let the sun in and diminish the existence of any more ball moss.
Summer and spring tend to bring plenty of rain here in Orchard Park. That means one thing: flooding. In recent years, it seems like storms are becoming more intense and frequent. Your trees may get vast amounts of damage if a storm comes along and creates flooding. If you are wondering how does flooding harm trees, here are a few ways!
Tree roots need oxygen to thrive and grow. When there is flooding, water gets in where there was once air. This drowns the tree’s roots and suffocates. If it’s lingering, it can irrevocably harm a tree.
Flooding can also alter the pH levels in the soil. Some trees are good with slight ecological changes. However, many aren’t well equipped to handle the intense and quick changes that flooding can bring.
Strong winds, driving rains, and other conditions that typically goes along with flooding can create critical physical damage to trees. Soil erosion can uncover roots, which leaves trees susceptible to many diseases and damage types. If there is enormous enough frozen precipitation, the chunks of ice can substantially chip away at the tree bark.
When flooding happens, it makes insects have to relocate. Many of these bugs end up in trees. Some will put holes in the bark to have shelter. Many will eat the leaves. Insects will go wherever they have to to get away from the water.
This damages trees since not all trees can support another life form, particularly young trees. If a tree is more massive and older, it takes a vast number of insects to destroy it. A young tree can die due to insect damage.
If you need to know if your tree is damaged due to flooding, make an appointment with a professional tree care company. A tree care company provides tree inspections, tree crane service, tree removal service, as well as having an arborist on call. Most are highly professional and only employ individuals who are highly experienced and skilled.
To find out how a tree care professional can help your trees, whether they are affected by flooding or not, give one a call!
A tree swing is one of the best options for some low-tech, outdoor fun. Adults and kids both like kicking off their shoes and enjoying the easy pleasure of a tree swing. To get the most out of your product, here are some tips for picking the best tree for a tree swing.
Tree Type and Maintenance
One of the most significant factors for picking the right tree for your swing is its type. Some trees are better for tree swings than others. Sycamore and oak trees are the most structurally sound and dependable for accommodating your swing.
Avoid poplar, willow, or spruce trees. Also, the health and size of the tree are equally as vital as the species. Be sure that your tree choice is free of any disease and healthy. You don’t a tree swing to compromise your tree’s integrity and strength.
Pick a tree that has plenty of space around it. It shouldn’t be near any other structures such as your shed, the street, your house, or your outdoor furniture. This area will deliver enough room to protect against collisions.
Also, it will make sure that you have plenty of space to safely and fully swing. Additionally, clear that space of debris or rocks that could injure in the event of a fall. The perfect amount of clearance is 10 feet behind the swing and 12 feet in the front.
Be sure that the landing zone surrounding the tree swing is clear and level. The tree itself must not be sitting on a sloped hill or surface. In case a person falls off the swing, they’ll have a clear and even area to land. To have more cushion in case of a fall, lots of people choose to put wood chips, grass, or mulch in the landing zone.
Trees with a high canopy are the best ones for a tree swing. This lets you hang the swing from one branch without others intruding. High, round, string, and thick limbs that are more than six feet over the ground are the top hosts for a tree swing.
Tree Care Specialist
A tree care specialist can offer specialized tree services, including aiding you in choosing a good tree in your landscape for your tree swing.
If you have a dogwood tree flourishing in your landscape, then you’ll want to know how to help it live a long life. Here are some excellent ways of caring for dogwood trees.
Be Sure They’re Healthy
First off, make sure they’re healthy. Regardless of what type of tree it is, any tree will begin to weaken if they’re old or sick. There’s a minor reason a dogwood tree should begin to fade away as long as it is somewhat healthy.
If you want a new tree, look to be sure that the trunks are sturdy and that the leaves aren’t becoming brown. Also, you should check to ensure the roots aren’t now trying to outgrow the pot the tree is in.
Next, be sure to give your dogwood tree some mulch. By adding mulch, you can aid your tree in fighting off weeds and getting plenty of water and nutrients. Even if the soil is dry, your tree will be pleased.
Keep the Bugs Away
Plenty of bugs will attempt to make themselves at home on or in your dogwood tree. What do we all do when we’re in the yard on a beautiful warm day? We eat! Be sure to keep the pests away from your tree.
You’ll need to use constant observance against dogwood borers. These pests love to sneak in through any openings you may have left behind since the last time you pruned your tree. Therefore, be cautious not to slice open the tree bark as you care for it.
When you’re out in the landscape, maintaining your trees and garden on a warm day, you probably need to take a break and drink some water. Your trees aren’t any different. Give them as much water as needed.
Water it as soon as you plant it. Even if the rain helps in watering it, you can’t depend on rainwater by itself. If you can’t maintain your trees, hire a tree care company to do it for you.
Tree Care from a Tree Specialist
A tree specialist deals with all sort of tree care services, including tree removal services. These professionals are famous for possessing professionalism and topnotch skills.
Construction zones can be hazardous places, for humans and trees. Trees can’t protect themselves with hard hats. Therefore, it’s up to us (humans) to ensure nothing happens to damage a tree’s health in work zones. Read on for tips for protecting trees in work zones.
Tree Protection during Construction
Did you construct your house near mature trees to benefit from their visual appeal and beauty? You aren’t alone. Several trees take years to create attractive canopies and strong deep roots they achieve at maturity.
Sadly, the trees you want near your residence are at risk during construction. Stopping tree damage in work zones is an issue of planning cautiously and partnering with your tree contractor.
Preventing Tree Damage in Work Zones
Trees are at risk when construction work is happening around them. They can get several different injury types. Use these tips to aid in preventing tree damage.
Branches and Trunks
The machinery used during construction can harm a tree’s branches and trunk. It can snap branches, create wounds in the trunk, slice into the bark, letting in diseases and pests. You could and should stress to the contractor that you want your trees protected during construction.
Also, you’ll want to take action to guarantee this instruction. One way is to install a durable fence around each tree. Put it as far away from the trunk as you can. Keep all construction equipment out and tell the construction workers to remain outside the fenced area.
Also, tree roots are at risk when work includes grading and digging. Roots can spread out over twice as many feet as the tree is high. When construction workers damage a tree’s roots near the trunk, it can destroy the tree.
Additionally, it limits the tree’s capability to remain upright in storms and winds. Tell your crew and contractor that the fenced area is out of bounds for trenching, digging, or anything else that will disturb the soil.
Trees need porous soil for excellent root development. Preferably, the soil will have over 45% pore space for irrigation and air. When hefty construction machinery goes over a tree’s root space, it compacts soil severely.
Many species of phylloxera are pecan pests, but just the pecan phylloxera creates financial damage in a specific period. The southern pecan leaf phylloxera as well as the pecan leaf phylloxera feed mainly on the foliage. The pecan phylloxera infects the foliage, fruit, and shoots and therefore is the most destructive.
The pecan phylloxera is an aphid-looking, little insect that is never seen. Though, the galls it develops are noticeable and prominent. Serious infestations create weak, malformed shoots that ultimately die.
The pecan phylloxera hibernates as eggs in the dead body of an adult female, which is in protected parts on pecan tree branches. Right after budbreak, the eggs hatch and the little insects travel to leaf tissue or opened buds to feed on increasing new growth.
Stem mothers are the ones that come from the hibernating eggs. Eating by the stem mothers encourages the growth of galls, which surround the stem mother in a couple of days. In the gall, the stem mother grows old, lays her eggs and perishes. The stem mothers’ laid eggs emerge within the gall, and these pests feed in the gall until they become old.
The nymphs and adults are 1/8 inch, little, the color of cream, and has soft skin. They look like aphids minus the cornicles. You'll want a hand lens to see and detect them.
Because the galls are easily seen, pecan phylloxera plagues typically look worse than they are.
Only when galls appear on vast numbers of nuts or shoots should you think about using insecticides. Time management of your pest control applications is crucial, and you must aim insecticide applications in the direction of the stem mothers. Apply budbreak sprays to the new growth. When the galls appear, it is too late to manage pecan phylloxera.
Typically, only the trees that were affected the previous year will require treatment, not the whole orchard. Certain grafted varieties and native trees within an orchard get more seriously infested than other plants. Getting tree removal service or spraying can stop monetary infestations from expanding all over the whole orchard.
The pine needle scale is the most well-known armored scale found on conifers in North America. The white, oyster shell-shaped scales can cover needles, creating plant discoloration to needle and limb death. These pests like pines, particularly mugho and Scotch. However, it can infest other firs, Douglas-fir, pines, and spruces.
How Pine Needle Scale Damage Trees
Substantial infestations of pine needle scales eliminate significant amounts of plant juices resulting in discolored needles. From a distance, trees look silvery or frosted. If any outbreaks continue, limbs and twigs could die and will need to be trimmed out.
Life Cycle and Description
This scale stays on the needles of its host and develops shell-shaped, white wax covers. These covers are around 1/8 of an inch when the scales are completely grown.
There is a yellowish spot, the exuvim, on the little end. The male scales are typically slender and smaller. This scale overwinters as deep-red colored eggs are safe under the female's old armor. The eggs hatch in the spring into flat, tiny nymphs known as crawlers.
These crawlers go to new places on the tree to find the right needles on which to feed. These clumsy crawlers usually drop from the trees and could be blown onto trees close by. Once on an appropriate needle, the crawler attaches its mouth and starts to develop new armor. After a couple of weeks, the nymph sheds under the armor and continues to grow in size for about 21 days.
This scale usually is spread by crawlers going from tree to tree. Spread is also swifter when mature trees start to touch branches. Also, scale crawlers could spread with animals or birds which brush or roost against trees with active crawlers. Early discovery will stop the spread and lessen the need for extensive spraying. Using horticultural oil sprays along with insecticides or insecticidal soaps are even more effective.
The pine needle scales are usually killed by the pesticides used for other insect pests. Close monitoring of the parasites and using a pesticide can be successful. It is best to get a professional tree care expert to do the work.
Elms once lined the streets of many towns and cities. In the 30's, Dutch elm disease almost completely destroyed these lovelies. But they are making a huge comeback, thanks in part to the creation of resistant types. Elm tree diseases still have a significant role in the life of a tree and thwart their care. Anyone with an elm in their outdoor space must recognize common elm tree issues so they can promptly handle them.
Elm Trees Diseases
Many elm tree leaf diseases create defoliation and discoloration. When the leaves fall, the spots have often grouped, and other discolorations have established, making it difficult to differentiate without testing.
Elm tree diseases that affect the leaves are due to fungi, however elm leaf scorch, due to a bacterium, is slightly different. With this disease, the vein bundles in the leaves get blocked so that water can’t travel in the leaf. This makes the leaf appear scorched.
The most destructive elm tree diseases are elm phloem necrosis and Dutch elm disease. Dutch elm disease is due to a bacteria spread by beetles. White-banded leafhoppers disperse the microscopic bacterium that creates elm phloem disease.
Elm Trees Disease Treatments
Once elm tree leaf diseases get hold, there is no real treatment. Burn and rake leaves to stop the development of the diseases. If you have issues with leaf diseases, try applying an anti-fungal spray in the early part of the next year. This may help stop the disease.
There is also no cure for elm phloem or Dutch elm disease. Trees contaminated with Dutch elm disease sometimes react to pruning. This is a treatment that prolongs the life of the tree for many years if caught early and done correctly. It’s best to employ a certified arborist for the work. Trees infected with elm phloem necrosis must be cut down immediately.
Since there is no simple cure, it is vital to know how to safeguard your elm trees from any disease. You should watch for the bugs that spread elm tree diseases and begin a control program immediately.
Black knot fungus has the potential to contaminate Mayday trees, Chokecherry trees, and any other tree in the Prunus family. Though black knot fungus infects mostly the plant species named Prunus, it is still worth your attention because it can significantly alter the look of these trees and if it spreads, black knot fungus can kill a tree.
It is known by a group of thick black masses that develop along the tree branches. This fungal condition is usually seen on cherry trees, but it is not limited to only this tree type.
What Damage is Black Knot Fungus?
Although black knot fungus is not always deadly, it can spread and grow all through your trees. It will destroy your trees' health and its value.
When cherry trees are contaminated with black knot fungus, they can live for several years, yet they won’t be as visually pleasing as your other trees. The last thing you want is to have a diseased, sickly looking tree in your outdoor living space.
How to Deal with Black Knot Fungus
Put forth the effort and put in the necessary time to eliminate the branches that have been infested with black knot fungus. Be sure to accurately sanitize your pruning tools to stop how much of the fungus is transported between your trees. Do a precise pruning, and you will boost the tree’s vitality and visual appeal.
Prune the infested branches about two to four inches under every knot. Then take the diseased branches to the nearest landfill. Black knot fungus replicates in the springtime so don’t prune during this time.
Only prune the trees when they are dormant. Preferably, you will prune them in the late winter months when the knot-like lumps can be easily detected. If you were to wait until the springtime to prune the branches, you would discover that the disease is very active and transportable via the spores.
Contact Tree Contractors
If you have any question about limbs and trees that have been infested with black knot fungus, contact a tree contractor for assistance. A tree specialist is thoroughly educated in a host of pruning methods such as black knot fungus removal.
We at York Tree service want to provide you with helpful tips and information about services your trees. Contact us if you need tree service at your property.