What type of trees are hardwood trees? Hardwoods mostly are deciduous trees, have flat, broad leaves and thick inner wood. They are familiar sights all across the US.
These tree types are harvested to make durable decks, flooring, furniture, and home remodels. They don’t grow as fast as softwood trees, making hardwoods treasured harder to replace. Though they grow practically anywhere in the nation and make up over 35% of all trees, most folks can’t point out more than two or three types.
How do you think you can do? Like a knowledgeable tree specialist, do you know a lot about trees? How many of the most common hardwood trees could you recognize by just the leaves?
Over 50% of all hardwoods in North America are oak trees. The Bur Oak is the most well-known oak in the States, and it can grow to over 150 feet tall. This wood is almost always referred to as white oak. It's fungal and insect resistant and is frequently used in flooring and construction.
Easily noticeable by its red leaves in the autumn, the Red Oak can grow over 85 feet tall. Growing in acidic soil, it is frequently used for flooring, fence posts, and firewood.
No argument, this tree is one of the most productive US trees. The Sugar Maple makes a hugely impressive contribution to the world: maple syrup. This is good for pancake and waffle lovers since it takes over 35 gallons of tree sap to produce one gallon of maple syrup. Recognized by their "helicopter" winged seeds and colorful fall leaves, this tree is perhaps the most famous tree on this list. Certain types in America have been recorded as being over 350 years old. A Sugar Maple's wood is the thickest of all maple wood and is used mostly in flooring and furniture.
This tree is right behind the Sugar Maple as being the most abundant tree in North America. With leaves that look almost like the Sugar Maple, the Silver Maple's leaves are thinner with more definite points. Like the Red Maple, it is tolerant of urban atmosphere and quite hearty, making it the best tree to be planted near expressways. A wide selection of uses for this wood includes cabinets, instruments, crates, and pulp for paper.
During times of cold winter nights followed by warm sunny days, you may see frost cracks in trees. They can be many feet long and a couple of inches wide, and the colder the temp, the bigger the cracks. Frost cracks typically occur on the southwest to the south side of the tree.
Why are my trees cracking? Is it frost crack?
The phrase “frost crack” denotes vertical cracks in trees due to alternating freezing and thawing temps. When the bark contracts with freezing temps and enlarges on warm days, a break will occur. A tree with a crack is in no real danger and can live for many years.
Reasons for Frost Crack in Trees
Frost is just one of the reasons for tree bark cracking. Also, you’ll see cracking tree trunks from a disorder termed sunscald. In early spring or late winter, the warm sun beaming on the trunk causes the tree tissue to break rest. When sunshine afternoons are trailed by freezing nights, the tissue perishes. You could see bark peeling off the tree. Smooth-barked and dark-colored trees are most vulnerable to sunscald.
Splitting tree trunks also happen in trees grown in places where they are a bit hardy. Hardiness zones reflect the lowest normal temperature in an area. These low temperatures can harm trees growing on the boundaries of their hardiness zones.
How to Fix Frost Crack
If you've thought about how to fix a frost crack, the answer is that you can’t. Wound paint, adhesives, and sealants do not affect the health of the tree or the healing process. Keep the wound clean to avoid infection and leave it open.
Once a crack happens, another crack will probably form in the same spot. You can help stop a re-occurrence by casing the trunk of the tree in tree wrap in the wintertime. Remove the cover in late winter or spring when the temperatures are warmer. Leaving the wrap on too long offer a good hiding place for disease organisms and bugs.
A way to safeguard the tree is to put shrubs around the trunk. Shrubs can shield the trunk from weather extremes and shelter it from direct sunlight. You should also trim the canopy of surrounding trees. When it comes to tree trimming, it’s best to get a tree specialist to come and do a consultation to help you decide what trees need to be pruned and when.
Trees are life. Trees are beautiful. They help express the character of your property and help shape the life you enjoy. This is why you should hire an arborist who is certified. If you take your pet to a vet for a health issue, you want to be sure that the individual examining your pet knows what they are doing. A certificate from a veterinary school gives that assurance.
The same is true for a tree doctor also called a certified arborist. This person is a pro who has been schooled in the practice and science of tree care. To get certified, the person has to have been active in the trade for a minimum of three years and has excelled an extensive exam given by the ISA (International Society of Arboriculture).
Once certified, tree experts must sustain their schooling and training by attending classes. If they don't, they must re-take the certification test to keep professional standing.
What Arborists Have to Do to Become Certified?
Don’t trust the health, safety, and care of your property and your trees to unskilled, uncertified fakers. Trees add beauty and style to your property. However, they can kill as well.
Hire a person with proper tools, experience, and training to tell you if your tree is healthy or sick, safe or hazardous. Have your trees serviced by a reputable tree care company that is concerned about them, not someone wanting to make some money by frightening you with false information and a misdiagnosis. Ask a certified arborist whenever you have questions about your trees.
Certified arborists are devoted tree professionals who get certified only after meeting many requirements, like three or more years in the arboriculture sector, knowledge and skill testing and tree identification exam. After all that training and schooling and practicing, a certified arborist is the only one you need to aid you in keeping your trees looking and feeling great.
The top arborist society’s website, www.isa-arbor.org, can aid you to find the best-certified arborist in York, NY. State and local governments want proof of general liability insurance and worker’s compensation besides evidence of training and competency before giving a person a tree trimmer’s license.
A tree’s growth is based on its surroundings. It needs the sun and lots of room. But this explains what determines the height of a tree, not the how. How tall a tree will grow is defined by its genes. Environmental conditions can also determine a tree's height. If a tree doesn't get enough water, nutrients, or light - the tree will not grow as tall as it could.
In the northeast, the tallest tree is the white pine, growing over 150 feet. But the tallest trees on earth are coast redwoods. Sequoias are more massive, but still about a tree shorter than the most towering redwoods. The tallest known individual tree on the planet is a redwood, also called Hyperion.
It’s all about water: not water supply, but the dynamics of moving water. We understand trees need water and that it comes from the ground. Transporting water from the roots through the trunk and up to the leaves is the challenge. Unlike animals, a tree’s inner system has no heart — no pump of any sort.
Water is not moved up the tree. It is drawn from above. Water molecules are likely to attach to each other and other elements. When moisture vaporizes from a leaf’s surface, it pulls along the water that goes all the way down to the roots. The water is drawn from the soil to replace what was lost in the watering process. As a tree gets taller, it becomes hard to get water to its top leaves.
All trees go through this, but redwoods handle it better than other trees. And according to some tree care experts, their superiority may come from the fog in which they live. This may be one of the reasons they can grow so tall. Redwoods are capable of absorbing water from fog right into their leaves. Unlike other trees, redwoods make their water source.
Therefore, instead of going against the dynamic of drawing water from the soil through the tree’s complicated and lengthy vasculature, they create a much more convenient source. With entry to water in the fog nearby the leaves, the plumbing issue turns out to be a plumbing benefit.
If you're interested in finding out how tall your trees can get, or which trees you should plant based on where you want them to grow, contact a York arborist for a consultation.
Peeling bark can be a sign of insect infestation or disease for some trees. For others, it's part of the charm. Most trees drop off some bark every year to make room for new bark. On trees like the shagbark hickory, a good portion of the bark stays on the tree, coiling upward and giving inspiration for the tree's name. If you want to know which trees naturally lose their bark, read on.
The shagbark hickory is a slow grower. With time, it creates crops of nutmeats enclosed in little hard shells covered by green outer husks. Like the tree's name, the bark changes into narrow, long strips that peel back from the trunk to give the tree a fuzzy look. The older the tree gets, the more its bark curls.
Several types of maples also have peeling bark, like the trident maple and paperbark. The paperbark is deemed an understory tree since it grows to the full height of 30 feet. Its bark is cinnamon color and peels to display lighter colored bark.
The river birch has cinnamon-colored, peeling bark. River birch is more resistant than any other birches to the birch borer, a beetle that gets into birches' large limbs and trunks. River birch endures moderate flooding, making it the choice for erosion control along streams and rivers.
The strawberry tree is an evergreen that grows to 30 feet tall. Classified as an ornamental tree, it grows round fruits in the autumn that are the color of strawberries and very appealing to birds. The tree's dark-green, glossy leaves are situated on limbs with gray-brown bark that peels away from the bark growing underneath. The strawberry tree grow slow and is best suited in well-drained soil in partial shade or full sun. When mature, the tree is very resistant to drought.
Peeling bark on trees that don’t usually exhibit that trait may do it because of environmental factors. Peeling bark doesn’t mean death for a tree. Conditions causing peeling bark on trees with typically smooth bark are extreme drought, severe cold, and sunscald. Make an appointment with an arborist to determine if your bark is peeling naturally or there is a more serious issue.
When selecting wood for your wood stove, you have plenty of choices. There are two main factors you should take into consideration when picking the best logs for your wood burning stove: wood moisture content and wood type. This is why it is crucial to know the best and worst wood for a wood burning stove.
Why does what type of wood I burn matter?
Picking firewood wood is more complicated than you think. What you burn is vital to your wood burning stove’s longevity and performance. It doesn’t matter if you harvest your wood or use a delivery service, you have to know about wood types. Wood types affect how well your stove does in many areas.
One of the most conventional tree types is oak. Even though they aren’t the tallest trees, they can still get quite big if well maintained. Oak is a thick hardwood tree so that it will burn for quite a long time.
Maple is a hardwood tree that has exceptional heating values. It can be a hard tree to split into convenient size logs. But once it’s done, it creates useful, hot-burning wood. Like oak, it can be hard to get a fire going using maple. It may necessitate kindle from a softer wood to begin the process. But once it’s started and going right, maple delivers long-lasting burning and warmth. Also, maple produces very little smoke, which is a plus when burning a fire in your house.
As a fruit tree, this hardwood also creates very little smoke. And when it burns, it makes a pleasant aroma. Though, it doesn’t burn as hot as maple or oak. It burns at a medium heat, which is excellent on milder evenings when you want a fire more for ambiance instead of warmth.
Elm trees offer a suitable heat source, but it is well-known for being hard to split. Because of Dutch elm disease, it is also normal to see dead elm trees throughout certain neighborhoods. However, when removing these trees, it is conceivable to use them as firewood since the wood is quite dry.
Contact a York tree specialist for more information on the best and worst firewood for your home.
This huge choice of log cabin notches can create confusion about which notch to use. Picking the right corner, including scribe and notch type, for your log cabin is crucial as it will affect pricing, weatherproofing, and visual appeal.
If you’ve not already read about the various log cabin construction techniques, begin by reading this article on using a saddle notch to build a wood structure.
Why are notches critical
If you are new to constructing a log home, then scribing is a method used to make a notch. When you build your log cabin, where every log wall connects, a notch is scribed to help with the wall locking process. Notches are best when joining the corners of your log cabin.
Usually, every notch is scribed by hand or using a template/jog, to make an air-tight seal stopping air infiltration and weatherproofing your cabin. If you’re thinking about building a log cabin, you’ll have to know how to scribe logs. Mostly, you’ll do scribing for saddle notches which are used to join two logs perpendicularly (cabin corners).
How to scribe a saddle notch
You can scribe with a carpenter’s compass. It has all the necessary parts, including a point for scribing.
Once you have the preferred depth of the notch, put your compass at that distance. Put the log to be scribed precisely where you want it. If one end of the log won’t be scribed, even it out with blocks to the height of your compass.
Drive a screw to keep the log in place while you scribe. Next, holding the compass still, follow the outline of the bottom log and scribe the top log. Go to the other side and repeat. Before you move the log, scribe the other end if you have one more notch to cut there.
Once you’ve created all your scribing marks, release the log and turn it over. Gently unite the scribe marks on every side, so you see where to start your cut. Create straight cuts each half inch to the deepness of the scribe marks. Turn the log over and fit it into place.
Practice before you begin working on your log cabin. It takes a while to get the just of cutting and scribing. If you want professional help, contact a York arborist.
Sitting around a wood burning fire has its appeal. The bright flames, glowing wood, and warmth create a distinct experience. Though, this pleasing experience can rapidly turn unpleasant under incorrect conditions. Using unseasoned wood instead of seasoned wood could ruin an impeccably good fire.
What are the differences between seasoned & unseasoned firewood?
To be seasoned is to be dry. Wood that has been newly cut has quite a bit of water. Nearly half its weight is water. This sort of wood is deemed unseasoned and burning it can be difficult since wet wood smokes a lot and doesn’t burn well.
On the other hand, seasoned wood has been stacked, split, and stored in a dry area. Softer woods, such as spruce or pine, can be seasoned in around six months. Hardwoods like oak will season in about two years. Seasoned wood necessitates more effort and time to prepare which is why business offering tree services typically charge a little more for it.
The Problem with Burning Unseasoned Wood
The first hardship you’ll encounter when burning unseasoned wood is the problem in start burning the fire. Water won’t catch on fire. Since it makes up almost half the weight of the wood, it dramatically affects the lighting process.
Even if the wood does catch, the fire needs constant care to make sure it doesn’t go out and adding any new logs might snuff all the hard work you put into lighting it. Seasoned wood doesn’t cause any of these issues, producing an enjoyable, natural fire.
Next, the burning unseasoned wood creates a large amount of smoke. The fire has to vaporize the water as it burns in the wood. Therefore, the smoke is packed with water vapor that hurts the respiratory tract when inhaled. Also, the smoke contains a large concentration of creosote.
Also, unseasoned wood doesn’t create as much heat as seasoned wood. For those depending on the fire to heat their homes, using unseasoned wood only creates a cold night. Wet wood burns at a cooler temperature since much of the heat of the fire go for evaporating away the water instead of burning the wood. On the other hand, seasoned wood has minimal or no water, so it burns quite hot.
When you're ready to have some trees cut down for firewood, contact a tree removal company to get your trees evaluated and cut down for you.
Did you realize that the woolly bear caterpillar’s coat and its color are all clues to the sort of winter we’ll have?
This time of year, these caterpillars are looking for a sheltered and dark spot to hibernate as larvae during the winter months. The caterpillar is also called the woolly bear caterpillar, the banded woolly bear even a hedgehog caterpillar since it coils into a tight ball and acts like its dead when bothered. Do woolly bears predict the weather? According to legend, they do.
The caterpillar has segments of black and rusty brown. Typically, there is a rust-colored section in the middle and black at both ends. The Farmers Almanac states you may see them almost all rust or all black. A myth says that the broader the rusty brown band, the minor the winter. The bigger the black band, the longer, snowier, severer, and colder the winter will be.
How Woolly Bear Caterpillar Winter Weather Prediction Works
If the head part of the caterpillar is dark, the start of winter will be harsh. If the tail is dark, the winter’s end will be cold. Also, many tree care professionals believe that since says the woolly bear has 13 segments to its body, it corresponds to the 13 weeks of winter.
It's also said that the coat of the woolly bear caterpillar will display the following winter's brutality. The more luxurious the coat, the colder the winter. Lastly, take a look at the direction the caterpillar is traveling. If the woolly bear's creeping south, it's attempting to escape the cold winter of the north. If the woolly bear's crawling north, the winter is going to be milder. Woolly bears get their name from their fuzzy look.
Every fall, woolly bear caterpillars take shelter beneath leaves and other vegetation. During the springtime, they finish their conversion and become Isabella tiger moths. Folks who think that woolly worms can foresee the weather believe that a narrow red-brown band indicates a lousy winter. The bigger the red-brown band is, the milder the coming winter is going to be.
How accurate are woolly worm caterpillars at foretelling the weather?
Truth be told, not so right. Scientists who have tested their predictions have discovered that there is no connection between winter and a woolly worm's bands.
Winter Damage to Trees
Winter weather can bring wind, snow, and ice at any time to York. When winter strikes, we often sit at home in front of our televisions with the trepidation of what a winter storm will bring and how it will affect the city.
In addition to road closures, school closings, and grocery shortages, harsh winter damages trees. Though trees are dormant in the winter, they are still very vulnerable to weather damage. Trees are very susceptible to injury in the cold months. However, the effects are usually not noticed until spring.
Causes of Winter Damage to Trees
The dry air, ice, frost, and low temps of the winter months can profoundly affect some trees. Trees that are exposed to the strains of harsh winter weather may be weakened or damaged. Some will struggle to survive. Common winter weather occurrences, such as fast temperature drops, low soil moisture, and fluctuating temps, are known to cause winter tree damage.
When the temps drop below a tree’s natural tolerance, trees can suffer damage. Trees that are at the end of their hardiness zone might not be able to endure the cold. Fluctuating temps can also create issues, like frost cracks, which come from a fast drop in temperature. Frost cracks are vertical breaks that develop in the bark of a tree. They happen more frequently on the sun-facing side of the tree because of the more significant difference between nighttime and daytime temps.
Sunscald is an injury which makes a part in the damaged bark that comes from that area being warmed by the sun. Usually, sunscald and frost cracks only bring superficial damage. In these instances, the tree will recover, though the injury could be permanent. If you are unsure about specific damage, a York arborist is on call to help you assess the health of your trees.
In the winter months, trees are brittle and dormant. If a winter storm delivers ice, it could bring harm to your trees. When this occurs, don’t attempt to remove the snow and ice from your trees. Doing so may create more damage to the tree. Pruning in the winter or fall aids in reducing the chance of injury because of a storm.
We at York Tree service want to provide you with helpful tips and information about services your trees. Contact us if you need tree service at your property.